Psoriatic Arthritis Therapy – How to Treat Psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis occurs in people who suffer from psoriasis. It has been estimated that 1 in 7 people with the skin condition have their joints affected as well. The condition can be effectively treated with psoriatic arthritis therapy. It involves the use of medications, topical treatments and lifestyle modifications.
Since the condition is characterized by joint inflammation, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are usually prescribed to patients first. These medications have active ingredients that ease the inflammation in the lining of the affected joints. They provide substantial and timely relief. However, they do not work to eliminate the causes of the condition. In addition, they may cause stomach upset and some other less common side effects.
Your psoriatic arthritis therapy may also include disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. These are designed to tackle the very cause of the joint inflammation and to stop the progression of the disease. These medications are usually not the first line treatment.
They are only prescribed to patients who do not get relief with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and/or who are at higher risk of progression of the disease. As the disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs can have an effect on organs and systems in the body, their treatment has to be closely monitored by a doctor. Currently, the new biological drugs of this type are considered to be more effective and safer, but their effects have not been fully compared yet to the effects of traditional medications.
In rare cases, the psoriatic arthritis therapy may include steroid injection treatment. Such treatment may help where all other methods have failed. It is usually used for relieving severe joint pain, which is not particularly common for psoriatic arthritis. For this same reason, joint surgery and joint replacement surgery are also not used for the treatment of this condition.
Since the skin symptoms are caused by the same factors as the arthritis inflammation and pain, topical treatments can also produce good results and provide for considerable relief. Dithranol and steroid topical treatments as well as tar-based ones can provide sufficient relief, especially when they include vitamin A and vitamin D. Such vitamin supplements taken orally may provide relief as well.
Any effective psoriatic therapy should include exercise. There are special exercises allowing you to reduce the pain you feel and to improve your mobility and expand the range of your movements. You should consult a physiotherapist who will be able to recommend the best exercises given your particular needs and requirements.
A diet rich in vitamin A and fish oil, in general, will have a positive effect on your condition. Generally, overweight and obese people experience greater joint pain, as they exert more pressure on their joints when they move. That is why keeping a lower healthy weight is important for getting permanent relief. Eating a balanced diet with more vegetables, fruits, legumes, poultry and fish can help you achieve optimal weight.
Overall, the best psoriatic arthritis therapy is comprehensive and involves medical treatment, physiotherapy and lifestyle modifications. Using all available treatment methods will certainly give you the desired relief.